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Обговорення актуальних проблем комп’ютерних наук й інформаційних технологій.

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Comment by Khalavka Yuriy (Халавка Юрій) on March 13, 2009 at 2:57am
З днем народження www!
20 років тому було придумано World Wide Web
CERN on March 13 celebrates the 20th anniversary of a proposal entitled, "Information Management: A Proposal," by Tim Berners-Lee, which would become the blueprint for the World Wide Web

Facts about the Web's Creation
First program by Tim Berners-Lee that attempted to link bits of data:—Enquire, 1980, for Berners-Lee's personal use as a software consultant at CERN; he later left and the code was lost

Second program:—Tangle, 1984, when Berners-Lee returned, to help him keep track of CERN's many scientists, projects and incompatible computers

Early names for the Web:
—Information Mesh, Mine of Information, The Information Mine (But Berners-Lee thought the acronym, TIM, was too egocentric!)

Computer the Web code was written on, and Web browser was designed on:
—NeXT, by NeXT, Inc., founded by Steve Jobs, who had started Apple Computer earlier and returned to it later

Programming language used:
—C

Time taken to write the code:
—Three months

First Web browser:
—Called WorldWideWeb; it could edit Web pages as well as access them; it worked only on the NeXT platform

First server address:
—nxoc01.cern.ch (NeXT, Online Controls, 1), with an alias of info.cern.ch

First full demonstration:
—Christmas Day 1990, operating over the Internet from Berners-Lee's NeXT machine to the NeXT computer of his office partner and now Web co-developer, Robert Cailliau

Content of first Web page:
—The CERN phone directory

Hits (pages viewed) on the info.cern.ch server:
August 1991: 100 a day
August 1992: 1,000 a day
August 1993: 10,000 a day

First Web browsers:
—WorldWideWeb, December 1990, for the NeXT platform, by Berners-Lee
—Erwise, April 1992, for Unix, by students at Helsinki University of Technology
—Viola, May 1992, for Unix, by student Pei Wei at the University of California, Berkeley
—Samba, summer 1992, for Macintosh, by Robert Cailliau at CERN, finished by intern Nicola Pellow

Notable early servers that showed the Web's complex capabilities:
—1992, virtual museum of objects in the Vatican, by programmer Frans van Hoesel
—1992, virtual geographic maps, with pan and zoom, by Steve Putz at Xerox PARC
 

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